Does Moisturizer Help to Avoid Bedsores in Adults

Does Moisturizer Help to Avoid Bedsores in Adults

Pressure ulcers (bedsores) is a clinical situation that develops when a person stays in a similar situation for a long period of time. Excessive pressure on different bodily parts results in sores. The sores can establish on any body part; however, the bony parts are more prone to this disease such as elbows, ankles, tailbones, and heels. This condition can develop within hours or days. These sores can be treated, but a complete recovery is not ensured. If proper treatment is not followed, the sores can lead to severe problems such as cancer, cellulitis, and sepsis. Like a polyp can change into colon cancer, similarly an untreated pressure ulcer can change into skin cancer.

Dryness and lack of moisture have a close relationship with the development of pressure sores. This condition becomes worse in adults because they are too busy in their lives that they do not pay heed to the condition of their skins. Working for hours and hours by sitting in the same place daily or moving in the blazing heat and wild dry winters for work on a daily basis are the major reasons for having skin-related issues. These conditions worsen with time and appear as a monstrous painful situation after some time.

Either adults do not have time for the special care of their skin or they do not have enough energy left after a long tiring day to consider this negligence as a source of the real problem. In this condition, if your skin is near to developing bedsores then this negligence can be so problematic. And to mitigate the effects of this ignorance you need to pay proper attention to your skin condition. If you have a history of developing pressure ulcers or are showing symptoms of developing this disease, then you must take special measures to prevent it. You should say to yourself that you are on skin alert!

Dryness and Bedsores

The leading causes of bedsores include:

Pressure

It is a known fact that the blood flow delivers important nutrients and oxygen to various parts of the body. Excessive pressure retards the flow of such nutrients to the body tissues, resulting in tissue death. This can prove to be fatal. People that have low mobility, develop sores more frequently as the pressure develops on the bony parts of the body.

Friction

Friction takes place when the body is rubbed against the clothes and bed coverings. The moist and fragile skins are more vulnerable to sore development as injuries can take place more easily.

Apart from that, there are certain risk factors for the development of pressure sores or bedsores, these include:

  • Illness
  • Old age
  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Poor diet
  • Friction
  • Previous ulcers
  • Poor medical conditions
  • Dry skin

Studies show that all these causes of bedsores have a relation with dryness. If your skin is dry and wears off easily then this will act as a catalyst along with other causes to make you a victim of bedsores. When any above-mentioned condition acts synergistically with a lack of moisture (dryness) then you will have to face the most painful type of bedsores. Moreover, to lessen the effect of dryness you need to work on this situation constantly for so long (which can be frustrating at times). So, in order to prevent this uncomfortable situation, you need to take teeny-tiny steps from today. The bonus point is that consistency will make you able to avoid this disease for so long. Isn’t it good news?

We think that we have made our point so clear. So, without any further ado, we will tell you how you can make this situation favorable for you. Adults do not panic; we have a full plan for the bedsore prevention by properly moisturizing your skin. Let us start our reading!

How Does Moisture Prevent Bedsores in Adults?

As we all know, the skin is the largest organ of our body. Moreover, it is the first line of defense as well which fights against many invading microorganisms, chemical breaches, and minor trauma. The outermost layer of this skin is called the stratum corneum which acts as a protective barrier. Unfortunately, this outer barrier can be damaged in various ways and one of the most common ways is the lack of moisture (dryness). Consequently, this can lead to many skin-related diseases, one of them is pressure ulcers.

Keep your Skin Clean

The first and the most important step to avoid bedsores is taking care of your hygiene. Unhygienic conditions and contamination lead to the exposure of germs and other contaminants to your body. If that exposed area is already injured or cracked because of dryness, then the germs will enter your body by crossing the first line of defense. So, to avoid this situation it is advisable to take special care of your body’s hygienic conditions.

Choice of Products

From the above point, science has made it very clear that having a hygienic condition is the most important step to avoid pressure ulcers, as well as many other diseases. Now, what type of products you should use for this purpose is the next question. For this, you can use different soaps, body washes, and talcum powders. Try to use not too harsh and strong products which ultimately results in dryness of skin like detergents and so on. It is advisable to consult your dermatologist as soon as possible.

Daily Use of Moisturizer

Water-based moisture is a smart choice. Try not to rub the moisturizer harshly on the skin rather apply it gently especially on the affected areas. If you are unable to apply the moisturizer properly then try to seek help. If you already have inflammation or soreness, then try to avoid the excessive use of moisturizer there.

Avoid Dehydration

Dehydration is a condition that occurs in a body due to a lack of water intake and electrolytes. Drinking enough water and liquids will help you overcome it. It is a natural process to hydrate your body and is considered the solution to maximum problems. If you are unable to overcome dehydration because of evaporation, medicinal side effects, and diarrhea then doctors will recommend you to have an intravenous dose of saline. This will help you to overcome dehydration (or internal dryness).

Colon Cancer and its Screening

Colon Cancer and its Screening

Colon cancer, as the name indicates, is the one that occurs in the colon – a part in the gastrointestinal tract where final digestion takes place. Mostly it occurs in people aged above 50. But it can occur in any age group. A polyp in the colon can also turn cancerous anytime. Therefore if you have any diagnosed polyp in the large intestine, you should keep it monitored. For screening, you must visit your healthcare provider.

Sometimes the doctors may remove non-cancerous polyps from your intestine through surgery as they can become cancerous anytime.

There are many treatment options for colon cancer, especially if it is diagnosed early. Therefore you should never ignore any signs and symptoms of colon cancer as early detection can help save lives. Sometimes a colon cancer is known as colorectal cancer – when it involves the rectum. For any radiological examination, you can get an X-ray in Islamabad done.

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of colon cancer are;

  • Diarrhea and constipation alternatively
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in stool
  • Bleeding from the rectum
  • Changes in bowel habits
  • Feeling that bowel has not emptied completely
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Hemorrhoids

If you have any of the above-mentioned signs and symptoms, you should visit the healthcare provider soon for screening.

Risk Factors

The risk factors for colon cancer are;

Diet

Eating food rich in fats, oils, and sugar can make you obese and put you at risk of developing colon cancer. Therefore you should eat a balanced diet that contains all the nutrition in an adequate quantity.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

People having inflammatory bowel disease are at risk of developing colon cancer. The risk is less in the first ten years of the disease. But it increases up to 0.5 to 1% with each passing year.

Smoking

Smoking cigarettes can increase the risk of colon cancer many folds.

Polyps

Having preexisting polyp- non-cancerous growth in the intestinal mucosa that occurs due to impaired DNA repair mechanism increases the risk of colon cancer. If you are diagnosed with polyps, you should attend follow-up visits for screening tests.

Family History

Having a family history of colon cancer or polyps increases the risk of developing colon cancer.

Diagnosis

Early diagnosis of colon cancer can help prevent its spread in the form of metastasis to other parts of the body. It can be done through the following tests;

guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT)

FIT test and FIT-DNA tests

Colonoscopy- is the final tool for the detection of colon cancer. In the procedure, a tube is inserted into the rectum, and an inspection of the colon is done. If any polyps are found, the doctors may remove them and send them for a biopsy.

Screening

After the age of 50, you should get screening tests done regularly. However, before the age of 50, if you are at high risk, you should also get screening tests done. You should visit your healthcare provider on time if you have any of the above-mentioned symptoms or are diagnosed with polyps.

Conclusion

Colon cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells that starts in the colon. It can also include rectum- the condition known as colorectal cancer. Early detection of colon cancer can be done through regular screening tests, which can in turn, make its treatment easy and successful. For any radiological examination, you can get an MRI in Islamabad done.

Is it Mandatory to Take the COVID-19 Vaccine?

Is it Mandatory to Take the COVID-19 Vaccine?

Nowadays, it seems that almost everyone in this entire earth knows what is Covid-19. This is a deadly virus that first blew up in Wuhan, China back in December 2019. Since then, it went on to infect more people and caused so many deaths. In fact, almost all countries in this world were affected by this virus. Covid-19 had infected millions of people worldwide and also had caused thousands of deaths since its first emergence. Not just that, it also affects almost the entire aspects of life. This is what prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to announce this virus infection as a pandemic. This pandemic has made us suffer a lot. A lot of people have lost their job because companies need to shut down, the children have lost their time to get a proper education, so many nations experience a downturn in their economic field and many more. This virus infection needs to stop, and there is only one possible solution that can work wonders. The need of the corona virus vaccine is the most important thing during this pandemic.

Back in May 2020, it was announced that the only solution that can help to fight and eradicate this pandemic for good is Covid-19 vaccine. Since then, scientists and researchers have spent many months doing their best to develop the cure. Finally, in late 2020, it was announced to the world that Covid-19 vaccines are being tested and will be ready to be distributed. In fact, it was distributed to almost all the countries in this world in early January after vaccine companies had finished their production. Since then, many people, especially the frontlines, have got their vaccine shot. It was known that this vaccine can help to save our life and protect against the Covid-19 deadly infection. Some of us may have not received the vaccine yet. Some even went and claimed that these vaccines are not enough and some will not be able to get it. The question is, will all of us get the vaccine? Is it compulsory to get the vaccine shot? Can I skip the vaccination and refuse it?

To answer these questions, it is actually not compulsory to take the vaccine. In fact, the decision will be depending on our government’s decision. Many countries decided to let the people decide their own choice. This means that most of the countries are letting the people choose whether they want to get vaccinated or not. It is simply a freedom of choice. However, is it a wise choice to refuse and not get vaccinated? We all know that these vaccines were developed in order to help us fight the infection. Hence, refusing to get vaccinated will obviously expose yourself to the danger of Covid-19 infection.

According to statistics, vaccines that were produced are actually very good in fighting this pandemic. Vaccines such as Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson have 95%, 94.1% and 80% against severe infection respectively. These numbers show that these vaccines are quite effective. While it is not always compulsory to sign up for the vaccination program and get vaccinated, it is almost a crime to choose not to get vaccinated. Getting this vaccine will not just save our own life, it can also save others life by aiming to achieve the so-called herd immunity. It is up to you whether you want to take the vaccine or not, however you must think about the consequences before making any decision. Remember, getting vaccinated is the only solution to help protect against this infection.

What is HPV Vaccination?

What is HPV Vaccination?

The human papilloma virus (HPV) has multiple strains that can infect a man or woman and cause sexually transmitted disease. It is well known that high risk strains of HPV such as the 16 and 18 can cause cervical cancer and vaginal cancer among women. It is also proved that these viruses can cause gentital warts and anal cancer among both men and women.

Vaccination is a process of injecting a part of the virus, either in inactive or dead form to stimulate our bodys’ immune response to produce immunity against the particular strain or virus. The HPV vaccination is the vaccination against some common strains of the HPV to prevent the occurrence of cervical cancer and genital warts in men and women. Do bear in mind that vaccination works by preventing a disease and not treating someone who has been already infected with a particular strain. You are still recommended to take the vaccination if you have been infected with HPV as the vaccine still protects you from other hazardous strains.

Who Should Get the Vaccine?

HPV vaccination is recommended globally for girls who are aged 11 and 12 years old but can be given as early as 9 years old. This age period is before most girls become sexually active and get transmitted with the human papilloma virus. The HPV vaccination is also recommended for women aged 13 through 26 years old for those who have not completed their HPV vaccination shots earlier in life. The age when boys receive the vaccination shot is also within 11 and 12 years old.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all 11 to 12 years old girls receive 2 shots of the hpv vaccination 6 weeks apart rather than the older three doses schedule. This is similar to girls aged 9 and 13 to 14 years old where they can receive the two dose schedule vaccination shots. Data and research shows that the two dose schedule is equally effective for all children under the age of 15. Pregnant women are not recommended to take the vaccination. This also applies to anyone who is moderately or severely ill.

Do inform your doctor if you are ill before the vaccination day and if you have any particular allergies to latex and yeast. If you had any severe allergic reactions previously from any vaccination, do also notice your doctor prior.

For teens and adults who receive the vaccination shots later will still need to take the three dose schedule. Two most common types of vaccination given are Gardasil 9 which is approved by the U.S Food and Drug Administration and Cervarix.

Vaccinations of all sorts are provided everywhere. Thereby, during this pandemic season you can also visit the nearby hospitals to get the Covid 19 vaccine. To know more about the vaccination read here.

What are the Side Effects of HPV Vaccine?

Just like any other drugs and vaccines, the HPV vaccination also has some very mild to moderate side effects. However not everyone who is vaccinated against the HPV will have similar side effects. Some of the most common side effects and risks are as follows;

  • Soreness, swelling and redness at the injected area
  • Dizziness and fainting episodes
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting

Do bear in mind to always meet up with a doctor if any of these symptoms does not go away by itself and start worrying you a lot more than usual. Some simple home remedies such as applying a cold pack over the swollen area may help to reduce the swelling and eventually heals the pain. Over the counter painkillers may also help you at times to reduce the pain and soreness over the injected site.Be reminded to always remain seated for at least 15 minutes after injection to avoid any dizziness and fainting.

What Are the Main Causes of Migraines?

What Are the Main Causes of Migraines?

Migraine can cause throbbing pain. People who have the condition can understand how hurting migraine headaches are. People use certain medications and adjust their lifestyles to avoid pain. However, you should consult with your doctor for suitable and well-working migraine treatments. He or she may tell you the one that suits you the best. In addition, you should know that various causes can result in causing the condition. There can be some cases when the cause remains a mystery. Nevertheless, some of them can be identified in a diagnosis. The possible causes may include-

  • Irregular blood flow in the brain
  • Abnormal secretion of brain’s chemicals
  • A pre-existing central nervous disorder
  • Genetic inclination

What Things Can Trigger Migraines? 

There can be various things, which can trigger a migraine. However, the triggers may vary from person to person. Some people have few triggers; some have multiple. However, some people may not know all the things that can put them at risk of developing a migraine.

Some of the common triggers are as follows-

  • Physical and Mental Stress

Excessive exercise, physical effort, and even sexual activity can result in causing a migraine headache. In addition, mental stress can also lead to the condition if you do not deal with it.

  • Hormonal Changes

Women are prone to develop migraines because of hormonal changes. Some women complain of developing the condition just before or during their menstruation. On the other hand, some women complain of having a migraine during the gestation period or menopause. The changing level of estrogen in these conditions leads to cause migraine headaches.

  • Sleeping Patterns

Irregular and inadequate sleep can elicit your migraine. However, you should not compensate for the lost sleep. Sleeping too much is as harmful as sleeping little. Both conditions can trigger a migraine.

  • Skipped Meals

If you have a migraine, try not to skip your meals. Skipping your meals can trigger the condition.

  • Light, Sound, and Smell

Many people having migraines are sensitive to light, sound, and smell. You should stay away from bright lights, powerful smells, thunderous noise, and even smoke. They are common triggers of migraine headaches.

  • Food

Avoid taking salty, spicy, and processed foods. They can elicit your condition. Along with taking the migraine treatments, try not to eat the foods that can prompt the symptoms of migraine.

  • Sweeteners

Artificial sweeteners can trigger your migraine headaches. Moreover, certain preservatives can also play a major role in the same case.

  • Medications

Intake of too many medications, such as vasodilators, can cause the condition.

  • Weather Changes

Shifts in the weather can trigger a migraine. The atmosphere outside can affect you from inside. Therefore, consult with your doctor about how you can deal with changing environment.

  • Drink

Caffeine and alcohol are major triggers of migraine. Drink plenty of water instead to relieve the pain.

What Factors Can Put You at Risk? 

There are certain factors, which can put you at risk of developing a migraine. However, not every person having migraines is exposed to the triggers. Some suffer from the condition because of the following factors-

  • Family History

Genetic predisposition is a major cause of migraine. If your one parent or both have the condition, the possibility of having the condition increases in you.

  • Age

People can have a migraine at any age in their lives. However, adolescence is the most crucial age where people can develop the condition.

  • Gender

Men develop migraines in their adolescents more than women do. However, after the age of puberty, women are more likely to have the condition.

You should always consult with your doctor for migraine treatments. He or she may tell you suitable medications according to your health conditions.

You can seek an online doctor consultation for migraines. Visit the Daily Chemist web page for any queries. Moreover, you can also request medical guidance from experts.

STD Test and Symptoms

STD Test Symptoms and Treatment

Here are some possible ways that you can raise STD testing awareness with your health care provider: First, have you ever been tested for STDs in the past? Have you ever screened for any STDs while going through checkups at the doctor’s office? What STDs should watch for? How do you know when you should get tested?

If you’ve had a Pap smear and your doctor recommended a home std test, have you ever asked him/her whether you should be screened for Chlamydia or gonorrhea? Or, have you ever undergone an ultrasound, mammogram, or colonoscopy and had those types of tests, and received STDs in the process? Have you ever gone in for a simple teeth cleaning and left the technician with your tooth impressions and sent it off to the laboratory for testing? Has your partner ever told you that he/she was suffering from genital warts? Does your child suffer from bleeding from sores? Has your spouse ever shown you pictures of swollen or red genitals?

If you’ve ever experienced an alarming symptom, or done any of the above mentioned tests and you still aren’t sure whether it is indicative of an STD or not, then you should probably get tested. However, there are many other reasons why you might want to get tested. Maybe you saw someone recently who you considered a friend but didn’t really know anything about. Maybe, you’ve met a guy for a drink and had sex, and now you want to know whether he has HIV or another STD. You could also be in a relationship with someone and want to know whether you two have an exclusive contract or not.

Many STDs have symptoms that mirror those of various other conditions, so you’ll want to make sure that your condition is indeed STD related. Most STD blood tests (genital and viral cultures) can determine whether or not you have gonorrhea, genital warts, Chlamydia, genital herpes, syphilis or HIV. Unfortunately, most people do not receive an STD test until they have their first positive test result, usually in their thirties or forties. That’s because most medical professionals assume that most cases of STD are occasional rather than chronic, and treatment isn’t necessary until such time as when s/he shows symptoms again.

With new partners, however, it’s often difficult to know whether the prior couple has been monogamous or perhaps it’s just become easy to contract the disease from a new partner. In this case, it may be necessary to perform a pelvic exam to see if any underlying abnormal conditions are present. Alternatively, you may wish to consider one of several newer STD screening methods. Among the newer methods, an annual back-copy can detect abnormalities and get results quickly. Other methods include:

STD testing and treatment are a matter of choice, and there’s nothing wrong with deciding to opt for a more flexible approach where possible. If you find that you’re feeling unsure about whether or not you should be tested, or if you’ve already been tested and think you might be at risk, trust your doctor to guide you in the right direction. Remember, however, that STD testing doesn’t always mean that you will necessarily need treatment. In some cases, simply using a condom and living a healthy lifestyle can help ensure that you don’t transmit an STD to a partner. However, for others, including those who have had multiple partners, regular screening and treatment are the only way to guarantee an outbreak of the disease.